There are three main ways to uses sources in your research paper you may quote you may paraphrase or you may summarize all three require an in-text ( parenthetical) citation in-text citations you cannot use information from any website or published book unless you give the author (or site) credit--both inside. Empirical evaluation of analog wobulators and mixometers journal of drastic devices vol 18, no 3, pages 489-512 citations are important for a couple reasons one is that they are how authors give proper credit to the work and ideas of others people also count citations to a paper as an indication of how important or. Paraphrase: a paraphrase is an important part of writing a paper simply put the paraphrase is when you read another authors work and put it into your own words it is also considered paraphrasing when you use statistics and research from another source this is the most common citation in a paper proper paraphrasing. Author's last name, first initial middle initial (date of publication or update) title of work retrieved month day, year, from url from homepage examples: basements and crawl spaces (2002, june 23) retrieved from http://wwwhud gov/ offices/hsg/sfh/ref/sfhp1-25cfm build smarter with alternative materials (nd. As with research papers, you need to give credit to information in the presentation that you found elsewhere make a bibliography in easybib of all the sources you used–whether you reference an outside source in a point you're making, or if you borrow a photograph from someone else, put it in your bibliography. The usual and informal practice of giving the whole credit (impact factor) to each author of a multiauthored paper is not adequate and overemphasises the minor contributions of many authors (table 1) similarly, evaluation of authors according to citation frequencies means often overrating resulting from.
Some individuals feel that if they were asked to be part of a research team, but didn't actually contribute anything, that they still deserve authorship others feel that the only 'real authors' on a paper are the first, second and last authors and therefore you can 'christmas tree' the author list with as many. You must give credit to every source that you use in your research paper book citation includes the author, title, place of publication, publisher and date) reference list citation examples - book in ieee style, use only the initials for the first and middle author names give the names of all authors unless there are seven. Perhaps a review article or a couple of more-recent papers could substitute for a larger number of general papers that describe your research topic the one nice thing if you insert an author name and year of publication in the text instead of a number, any subsequent changes to citations or references are easy to match. You should compile a bibliography when writing an essay, article, or research paper that relies heavily on source material data itself it also allows a writer to give proper credit for quotes or key phrases that have been written and presented in a source that they may have referenced in their paper so as to avoid plagiarism.
This month, we are introducing a new option for the author contributions sections of research papers—the credit taxonomy we think this approach to classifying contributor roles is a positive step towards clarity and transparency, and we'd be interested to know whether you agree the credit taxonomy. One of your jobs as a writer is to guide your reader through your text don't simply drop quotations into your paper and leave it to the reader to make connections integrating a quotation into your text usually involves two elements: a signal that a quotation is coming--generally the author's name and/or a reference to the work. Give credit whenever you use a direct quote by placing it in quotation marks and giving the author credit give credit whenever you paraphrase (state/write in a different way) a thought, idea, or words within the research paper and at the end of the paper in the bibliography give credit within a research paper through.
This depends on what type of work you are writing, how you are using the borrowed material, and the expectations of your instructor first, you have to think about how you want to identify your sources if your sources are very important to your ideas, you should mention the author and work in a sentence. This handout is intended to help you become more comfortable with the uses of and distinctions among quotations, paraphrases, and summaries this handout compares and contrasts the three terms, gives some pointers, and includes a short excerpt that you can use to practice these skills.
First, it signals to your readers that your paper should be taken seriously as a student's contribution to a given academic or professional field it is the literary equivalent of wearing a tailored suit to a job interview second, it shows that you respect other people's work enough to give them proper credit for it finally, it helps. With two authors, the contribution of each may have been equal but the senior may have elected to give the junior the advantage i have seen people who have simply been members of a good research groups getting co-authorship credit in good papers when they have probably had little involvement with the paper and.